Authors must stick to the below-mentioned guidelines

Format Article files should be provided in Microsoft Word format. Acceptable figure file types are listed further below.
Article Length Articles should be between 5000 and 7000 words in length. This includes all text including references and appendices. Please allow 200-250 words for each figure or table.
Author details All contributing authors’ names should be added to the submission, and their names arranged in the correct order for publication.
• Correct email addresses should be supplied for each author in their separate author accounts.
• The full name of each author must be present in their author account in the exact format they should appear for publication, including or excluding any middle names or initials as required.
• The affiliation of each contributing author should be correct in their individual author account. The affiliation listed should be where they were based at the time that the research for the paper was conducted.
Biographies and acknowledgments Authors who wish to include these items should save them together in an MS Word file to be uploaded with the submission. If they are to be included, a brief professional biography of not more than 100 words should be supplied for each named author.
Research funding Authors must declare all sources of external research funding in their article and a statement to this effect should appear in the acknowledgments section. Authors should describe the role of the funder or financial sponsor in the entire research process, from study design to submission.
Structured Abstract Authors must supply a structured abstract in their submission, set out under 4-7 sub-headings (see an attached Abstract below for practical help and guidance):
• Purpose (mandatory)
• Design/methodology/approach (mandatory)
• Findings (mandatory)
• Research limitations/implications (if applicable)
• Practical implications (if applicable)
• Social implications (if applicable)
• Originality/value (mandatory)
Maximum is 200 words in total (including keywords and article classification, see below).Authors should avoid the use of personal pronouns within the structured abstract and body of the paper (e.g. “this paper evaluates…” is correct, “I assessed…” is incorrect).
Keywords Authors should provide appropriate and short keywords in the submission that encapsulate the principal topics of the paper. The maximum number of keywords is 10.
Article Classification Authors must categorize their paper as part of the submission process. The category which most closely describes their paper should be selected from the list below.Authors must categorize their paper as part of the submission process. The category which most closely describes their paper should be selected from the list below.

Research paper. This category covers papers which report on any type of research undertaken by the author(s). The research may involve the construction or testing of a model or framework, action research, testing of data, market research or surveys, empirical, scientific or clinical research.

Viewpoint. Any paper, where content is dependent on the author’s opinion and interpretation, should be included in this category; this also includes journalistic pieces.

Technical paper. Describes and evaluates technical products, processes or services.

Conceptual paper. These papers will not be based on research but will develop hypotheses. The papers are likely to be discursive and will cover philosophical discussions and comparative studies of others’ work and thinking.

Case study. Case studies describe actual interventions or experiences within organizations. They may well be subjective and will not generally report on research. A description of a legal case or a hypothetical case study used as a teaching exercise would also fit into this category.

Literature review. It is expected that all types of paper cite any relevant literature so this category should only be used if the main purpose of the paper is to annotate and/or critique the literature in a particular subject area. It may be a selective bibliography providing advice on information sources or it may be comprehensive in that the paper’s aim is to cover the main contributors to the development of a topic and explore their different views.

General review. This category covers those papers which provide an overview or historical examination of some concept, technique or phenomenon. The papers are likely to be more descriptive or instructional than discursive.

Headings Headings must be concise, with a clear indication of the distinction between the hierarchy of headings.

The preferred format is for first level headings to be presented in bold format and subsequent sub-headings to be presented in medium italics.

Notes/Endnotes Notes or Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be identified in the text by consecutive numbers, enclosed in square brackets and listed at the end of the article.
Figures All Figures (charts, diagrams, line drawings, web pages/screenshots, and photographic images) should be submitted in electronic form.

All Figures should be of high quality, legible and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals. Graphics may be supplied in colour to facilitate their appearance on the online database.
• Figures created in MS Word, MS PowerPoint, MS Excel, Illustrator should be supplied in their native formats. Electronic figures created in other applications should be copied from the origination software and pasted into a blank MS Word document or saved and imported into an MS Word document or alternatively create a .pdf file from the origination software.
• Figures which cannot be supplied as above are acceptable in the standard image formats which are: .pdf, .ai, and .eps. If you are unable to supply graphics in these formats then please ensure they are .tif, .jpeg, or .bmp at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide.
• To prepare web pages/screenshots simultaneously press the “Alt” and “Print screen” keys on the keyboard, open a blank Microsoft Word document and simultaneously press “Ctrl” and “V” to paste the image. (Capture all the contents/windows on the computer screen to paste into MS Word, by simultaneously pressing “Ctrl” and “Print screen”).
• Photographic images should be submitted electronically and of high quality. They should be saved as .tif or .jpeg files at a resolution of at least 300dpi and at least 10cm wide. Digital camera settings should be set at the highest resolution/quality possible.

Tables Tables should be typed and included in a separate file to the main body of the article. The position of each table should be clearly labelled in the body text of the article with corresponding labels being clearly shown in the separate file.

Ensure that any superscripts or asterisks are shown next to the relevant items and have corresponding explanations displayed as footnotes to the table, figure or plate.

References (In-text) References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy, and consistency. This is very important in an electronic environment because it enables the readers to exploit the reference linking facility on the database.
You should cite publications in the text: (Arya, 2005) using the first named author’s name or (Joshi and Singh, 2006) citing both names of two, or (Joshi et al., 2006), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:
For books Surname, Initials (year), Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication.

e.g. Arya, A. (2005), Introduction to Research Methodology, Manakin, New Delhi, ND.

For book chapters Surname, Initials (year), “Chapter title”, Editor’s Surname, Initials, Title of Book, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Joshi, M. (2017), “Workforce trends and challenges: apeek into future”, in Sharma, N. (Ed.), Management Techniques for a Diverse and Cross-Cultural Workforce, IGI Global, Hershey, Pennsylvania, PA, pp. 15-20.

For journals Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, Journal Name, volume issue, pages.

e.g. Capizzi, M.T. and Sharma, R. (2018), “Customer loyalty in the twenty-first century branding”, Journal of Consumer Marketing, Vol. 22 No. 2, pp. 72-80.

For published
conference proceedings
Surname, Initials (year of publication), “Title of paper”, in Surname, Initials (Ed.), Title of published proceeding which may include place and date(s) held, Publisher, Place of publication, Page numbers.

e.g. Jakkilinki, R., Georgievski, M. and Sharda, N. (2007), “Connecting destinations with an ontology-based e-tourism planner”, in Information and communication technologies in tourism 2007 proceedings of the international conference in Ljubljana, Slovenia, 2007, Springer-Verlag, Vienna, pp. 12-32.

For unpublished
conference proceedings
Surname, Initials (year), “Title of paper”, paper presented at Name of Conference, date of the conference, place of conference, available at: URL if freely available on the internet (accessed date).

e.g. Aumueller, D. (2005), “Semantic authoring and retrieval within a wiki”, paper presented at the European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC), 29 May-1 June, Heraklion, Crete, available at:http://dbs.uni-leipzig.de/file/aumueller05wiksar.pdf(accessed 20 February 2007).

For working papers Surname, Initials (year), “Title of article”, working paper [number if available], Institution or organization, Place of organization, date.

e.g. Moizer, P. (2003), “How published academic research can inform policy decisions: the case of mandatory rotation of audit appointments”, working paper, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, 28 March.

For encyclopedia entries
(with no author or editor)
Title of Encyclopedia (year) “Title of entry”, volume, edition, Title of Encyclopedia, Publisher, Place of publication, pages.

e.g. Encyclopaedia Britannica (1926) “Psychology of culture contact”, Vol. 1, 13th ed., Encyclopaedia Britannica, London and New York, NY, pp. 765-71.

(For authored entries please refer to book chapter guidelines above)

For newspaper
articles (authored)
Surname, Initials (year), “Article title”, Newspaper, date, pages.

e.g. Smith, A. (2008), “Money for old rope”, Daily News, 21 January, pp. 1, 3-4.

For newspaper
articles (non-authored)
Newspaper (year), “Article title”, date, pages.

e.g. Daily News (2008), “Small change”, 2 February, p. 7.

For archival or other unpublished sources Surname, Initials, (year), “Title of the document”, Unpublished Manuscript, collection name, inventory record, name of archive, location of archive.

e.g. Litman, S. (1902), “Mechanism & Technique of Commerce”, Unpublished Manuscript, Simon Litman Papers, Record series 9/5/29 Box 3, University of Illinois Archives, Urbana-Champaign, IL.

For electronic sources If available online, the full URL should be supplied at the end of the reference, as well as a date that the resource was accessed.

e.g. Castle, B. (2005), “Introduction to web services for remote portlets”, available at: http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/library/ws-wsrp/ (accessed 12 November 2007).

Standalone URLs, i.e. without an author or date, should be included either within parentheses within the main text, or preferably set as a note (roman numeral within square brackets within text followed by the full URL address at the end of the paper).

For data Surname, Initials (year), Title of Data Set, Name of data repository, available at: Persistent URL

e.g. Campbell, A. and Kahn, R.L. (1999), American National Election Study, 1948, ICPSR07218-v3, Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (distributor), Ann Arbor, MI, available at:http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07218.v3